Featured Tuberculosis Articles
Descriptions of Featured Tuberculosis Articles
Tuberculosis is a type of chronic bacterial infection that generally affects the lungs. This segment of the eMedTV library explains how tuberculosis is spread through the air and also covers the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments of this disease.
Taking a TB test is the most efficient way to detect latent tuberculosis. As explained in this eMedTV article, the most common methods for diagnosing tuberculosis are the TB blood test and the TB skin test. This page discusses each method in detail.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis
Common symptoms of active tuberculosis can include chest pain, a chronic cough, and coughing up blood. As this eMedTV page explains, most people with latent tuberculosis have no symptoms. This page covers the early and advanced symptoms that may occur.
TB Skin Test
Latent tuberculosis can be detected using a TB skin test. This article on the eMedTV Web site explains the test in more detail, including information about the injection process, reading the results, and who should take the test.
Tuberculosis history indicates that the disease may have existed as early as 4000 BC. This eMedTV segment details the history of this disease, including the first references, the development of sanitariums, and the initial treatment methods.
Keeping people with active tuberculosis away from others can help prevent the spread of disease. This eMedTV article discusses other areas of tuberculosis prevention, such as preventive methods and heightened precautions in hospitals and clinics.
In parts of the world where tuberculosis is common, infants may receive the BCG vaccine. This eMedTV page explains how the vaccine is used to prevent tuberculosis. This page also provides information on who should and shouldn't get the vaccine.
The tuberculosis cure usually involves taking antibiotics for 6-12 months. This portion of the eMedTV library explains how different antibiotics (such as isoniazid, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide) are combined to kill the disease-causing bacteria.
Usually, treatment for tuberculosis lasts at least 6 months and involves taking several antibiotics. This eMedTV resource describes these antibiotics (such as isoniazid and rifampin) and explains how treatment might affect your life.
Drug-resistant TB is a condition in which patients with tuberculosis don't improve with standard treatment. This eMedTV page provides an overview of drug-resistant tuberculosis and explains why it is so difficult to treat.
Causes of Tuberculosis
As this part of the eMedTV Web site explains, tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This article talks more about the cause of TB and also discusses several risk factors for the disease.
Latent tuberculosis is the more common form of tuberculosis. As this eMedTV page explains, this form of tuberculosis takes place when bacteria in the body become inactive but remain alive, sometimes becoming active later.
TB Skin Test Reading
A tuberculosis (TB) skin test reading is when a healthcare worker checks the results of your skin test. As this eMedTV article explains, the healthcare worker will check the injection site and measure the size of swelling to determine the results.
As this eMedTV page explains, a diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) is based on a patient's physical exam, medical history, and test results. This article describes the process of diagnosing TB and explains how a TB skin test is administered.
As this eMedTV page explains, medications used to treat tuberculosis include antibiotics such as isoniazid and rifampin. This article gives an overview of TB drugs, explaining possible side effects and giving tips on when and how to take your medicine.
As this eMedTV page explains, tuberculosis can be transmitted when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These actions send the tuberculosis bacteria into the air, which can result in a person becoming infected.
Tuberculosis Statistics in the United States
As this eMedTV article explains, tuberculosis statistics in the United States show that the decline in tuberculosis cases has slowed in recent years. This part of the eMedTV library provides explanations for several tuberculosis statistics.
Active tuberculosis is the more serious form of tuberculosis. As this eMedTV page explains, it affects 8 million people worldwide each year. Active tuberculosis occurs when the immune system is unable to stop the tuberculosis bacteria from growing.