Tuberculosis Research

Currently, there are several areas of focus for tuberculosis research, including diagnostics, treatment, and vaccines. Tuberculosis research has already led to many advances, and research scientists continue to search for more effective methods of treating, and possibly preventing, tuberculosis.

An Introduction to Tuberculosis Research

Doctors and scientists all over the country are conducting tuberculosis (TB) research. Tuberculosis research studies are designed to answer important questions and to find out whether new approaches are safe and effective. Tuberculosis research already has led to many advances, and researchers continue to search for more effective methods for dealing with tuberculosis.
 

Current Areas of Focus in Tuberculosis Research

There are several current areas of focus for tuberculosis research, including:
 
  • Diagnostics
  • Treatment
  • Vaccines.
     
Diagnostics
Tuberculosis research scientists are looking at:
 
  • Potential new TB tests that may speed the tuberculosis diagnosis from 4 weeks to 2 days
  • Tests to tell the difference between people who really have TB and those who are merely reacting to previous BCG vaccination
  • Identifying people who are infected with TB bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and are at the highest risk of developing active tuberculosis.
     
Treatment
Tuberculosis research scientists are looking at:
 
  • New tuberculosis medications, some of which are currently being tested in human clinical trials
  • Shorter tuberculosis treatment regimens to make it easier for people to complete drug therapy
  • Antibiotics that are already available for treatment of other infections. Some of these have been shown to act on TB bacteria. Theyay make therapy more potent and easier to tolerate.
     
Vaccines
Three new tuberculosis vaccine candidates are now in clinical trials, and several more are being analyzed in animal studies.
 

Tuberculosis Disease

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